Sea Kings cover

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News is below twitter feed.                 Lew's Wikipedia entry is here.

Duel Britannia design notes (longer version)            Classic Britannia design notes (longer version)


to, a web site for supplementary material and playtesting of games designed by Lewis Pulsipher (Britannia, Dragon Rage, Valley of the Four Winds, Diplomacy variants, Sea Kings, Doomstar, Jastings 1066, Stalingrad Besieged, Dual Britannia, RPG material, etc.), and for teaching about games. I issue a video-screencast (usually about game design) weekly (Tuesdays and Thursdays at 11 AM) on my YouTube "Game Design" channel.

Ask me (almost) anything

If you have a question you'd like to ask me, let me know. I'll make a Monday bonus video sometime trying to answer a selection of those questions (I do not promise to answer all!).

Questions can be about me, about the channel, about game design, about my published (or unpublished) games, or about history, or any combination of those.

Two ways to send the question: email to lewpuls you know the symbol, or (less reliable) via twitter (I am @lewpuls)

Lew Pulsipher


The electronic (video game) version of Britannia is now available on STEAM

Game page.

The PSC (UK) version of Britannia is evidently out of print. I say evidently because I have not heard anything about its status from the publisher since May of 2021, nor have I been paid any royalties. (I am still owed five figures of money, after my advance, for the Kickstarter itself, plus subsequent sales.) It is not available on Amazon USA or UK, nor is it mentioned on PSC's website, as far as I can see. There may be some copies "in the pipeline" at one retailer or another.

This misfortune shows once again, that advances are vital in game contracts today. I did get a substantial advance, fortunately.

The PSC edition includes the new game Duel Britannia, for two players, 90 minutes, separate board.


I was interviewed 21 Sep 20 for Dirk the Dice's podcast (UK), Grognard Files: Part 1 (1:29);  Part 2 (1:35)

I was interviewed 2 May 20 for Grogtalk, a podcast and YouTube channel. 1.5 hours. On Youtube (so there's video). As a podcast. Episode 56.

The University of Edinburgh History and Games Lab Podcast Length 48:34   August 2020

The Journey Show (Galactic Journey) - The gimmick is to pretend it is 55 years ago, so in 1965.   Length 61 minutes    August 2020
I confess the gimmick felt disingenuous somehow; maybe because I had actually lived through it, other participants had not.

Yahoo shut down all of its groups, including the venerable Eurobrit (Britannia discussion) that was more than 14 tears old. is our replacement (though there are also groups on Facebook), much like Yahoo groups.

My Stalingrad Besieged (Worthington Publishing) is  available (published in February 2020).

I started playing games about 64 years ago. I started designing games more than 50 years ago. My first published (non-commercial) games appeared in the early 1970s, and my first commercial games in 1978 (Diplomacy Games & Variants), followed in 1980 by Swords and Wizardry.  Most well-known: Britannia.  Latest:  Hastings 1066 (Worthington), Stalingrad Besieged (February 2020), Classic/Duel Britannia (2020).

Britannia design notes (longer version). Duel Britannia design notes (longer version).  (I don't seem to have done the shorter versions yet!)

A few people have been painting the miniatures! I never imagined that would happen. The figures seem to be 18mm tall (different sculpts have slightly different heights), except that the leaders are much larger.

Photo from PSC version of Duel Britannia:

Other Games:

Review of Hastings 1066 (Jan 14 2019 video) by prolific reviewer Marco Anrnaudo:

I couldn't ask for better than this. (Though he doesn't even mention my name, does he?) "Lunchtime wargame" is an interesting phrase.. I call it a modern example of a microgame.

Hastings is still available from the publisher, Worthington Publishing.

Review of Doomstar by Lucas Fox:

Sea Kings
Jeffro in his blog about the five games he most plays these days:

"5. Sea Kings by Lewis Pulsipher — This one is a light board game that’s easy to teach, easy to set up, and quick to play. I had no problem getting my son (age 13) and his friends to play it. I even got a six player game together with some kids that were even younger. Unlike a lot of euros, there is an element of direct conflict in the advanced rules. The inclusion of rules that allow players to settle without using a card in order to take over over players settlements makes the gameplay much more dynamic. There’s also just enough history baked into the game to inspire young people to do some further reading about the world the Viking raiders lived in."

I think the game's niche is two-fold: for younger players (as Jeffro discusses), and for people who are not used to hobby games, or who only play the party games that have become part of hobby games (such as Cards Against Humanity and its many derivatives). It's not a typical Lew-game at all.

    See also these more wargamelike rules for Sea Kings by Jim Lawler (and me).

Sea Kings is now sold out from the publisher. You might be able to find it elsewhere.

Conventions 2022

I was at WBC in late summer in Pennsylvania. I was at GrogCon Sep 30-Oct 2 as "Guest of Honor", despite Hurricane Ian  (I live relatively close to Orlando).

Where my new material about games appears:


I use a Patreon page to support my YouTube channel and blogging.  For those who don't know, Patreon is much like Kickstarter insofar as it enables individuals to support worthwhile projects. But unlike Kickstarter, this is continuing, monthly, support (at a level as low as $1 a month, every little bit helps). Producing a video a week interfered with my other activities (including text blogs), and may be one reason why it's taking me so long to get Britannia's new edition together. If I can get sufficient support via Patreon I can continue to justify the time I'm spending to produce free material. So far it's more or less working.

Patrons have access to exclusive videos (from my online classes that are otherwise behind paywalls).

I appreciate the support I receive - and there are a few perks involved, as well. If not for Patreon, my YouTube Channel (300+ videos) would be dormant. Instead, I've gone to two most weeks rather than one.
Become a Patron!

Occasionally people ask, What am I working on these days?

("These days": 22 June 2022)

It seems that my design efforts are energized by seeing people play my prototypes. Which I haven't seen since before the pandemic, by and large. So I haven't been designing much.

We have added an excellent dog to our family. Not only have I tried to keep track of "Dog Wisdom", but I have made notes for a game It's a Dog's Life. Not a real serious game, but then, most games published these days aren't.

Thinking about Bastogne Surrounded, a follow-up to Stalingrad Besieged, but it's a tough one. Got a lot done on Collapse: Failure of Civilization in the Bronze Age 1200 BC. It's an interesting co-op game. An ACW game also in prototype. And I've played a three-player "minimalist" Brit-like game starting after the Romans have left Britain. Minimalist: 13 land areas only, and no dice.

I've revived my Brit-like Sengoku Jidai, about Japan's "warring states" period (Nobunaga, Toyotomi, Tokugawa, etc.).

I write my roughly twice-monthly column "Worlds of Design" on I actually get paid (a little) for it, a rarity nowadays. 29 columns released 2020, I am now writing #153 altogether.

I post usually two videos weekly on my "Game Design" channel on YouTube, Thursdays at 11 AM Eastern. Sometimes there are Monday bonus vids at 11AM. There are about 500 available altogether. 

Patreon (barely) keeps the Channel going:

Still making online classes when I get around to it. Skillshare  closed 26 of 27 because they don't fit their new rules! Their instructor support is also putrid. Haven't had a new one on Udemy for years(?), but several are nearly-done.

I have lots of books partly done, maybe the Rules-writing one will be finished soon. Or Worlds of Design, 2017-2021.

The most fun I have is starting new games, but what I should be doing is submitting old ones to many more places than I do.

I still post on my blog at rare intervals.

But I'm a slug, I play my stupid old video game (Empire
Deluxe Enhanced Edition) far too much.



David Gordon in Durham, England, is creating a large-size Valley of the Four Winds using miniatures instead of cardboard pieces! Photo of work in progress. Photo here.

ENWorld Column ("Worlds of Design")

I've am a roughly twice monthly contributor to ENWorld, which is THE Web portal for RPGers: These are the first, I'm up to around 75 now.

Four of my Worlds of Design columns on (May 2020 - there are about a 140 altogether):

"Rolls vs Points in Character Building" (my title was different)

"The Four Laws of Character Death" (my title was different)

"Always tell me the odds"

World Building 101 Part 1


Doomstar. My game Doomstar, in video form, is available on Steam ($9.99). Brief (1:15) video about "Lew Pulsipher's Doomstar".

Doomstar is vaguely Stratego-like, but immensely more fluid and quick to play, and much less hierarchical. A key is that two fighters can move together over great distances, and combine attacks together.

The list price for my book "Game Design" is now $19.99 (original list price $38). This is much less than the price for any game design book I know of (not counting "anthologies" with many authors). Electronic price is much lower yet.

Doomstar: I had an unusual experience for a game designer at the UK game Expo. I watched an unpublished prototype that I had designed being played long after I had "finished" it. This in itself is not an unusual experience, because I sometimes leave a prototype for years and then come back to it. But in this case, I didn't watch just one game been playtested, I watched more than half a dozen. The game is a tactical space wargame that I call Doomstar, which is being converted to video. The idea is that the video version may help convince someone to publish the physical version.

The game is vaguely reminiscent of L'Attaque/Stratego, but immensely more fluid and less hierarchical, quite a different (and I think, better and much shorter) experience.

If you want to sign up for the Doomstar PC beta, go to

As always, check my twitter feed (above, or @lewpuls) for latest.

Dave Shapiro on Quora answers the question "What's the best book on board game design?". He suggests four in order of usefulness. My "Game Design" is first.

My book publisher pointed me to a (favorable) review of my book in Game Nite, a free tabletop game magazine. 8 issues available.   Looks good and the price can't be beat, each issue about 80MB. The review is in #8.


I rarely get around to posting individual links to my "Game Design" YouTube channel here, so I decided to list the most recent  screencasts instead.

Nuts & Bolts: The Co-op "Fail Mechanic"
I explain why I call co-ops with one winner a "fail-mechanic." With some players it just won't work.

Strategies to Respond to the "Eight Awful Truths" of game marketing
Original Awful Truths are at

13 "Laws" of Game Design
Like many "laws", these are more strong probabilities than absolutes.

Play to win? Nope.
Pundits have sometimes been slow on the uptake, but it will come as no surprise to game players that playing to win is not the objective of many players. Keep that in mind when you design your games.

Departing from the standard (card game) sequence of play 6/8/2017
The standard sequence of play makes a specialty card game easier to learn. But don't "settle" for it, your game may be better with something else.

Nuts & Bolts: How to get an improvisers's game from a planner's game 6/1/2017
I describe how I changed Britannia, an historical Planner's game par excellence, into an Improviser's space wargame, with just a few changes. Very different experience, essentially same underlying mechanics.

Ranking Sources of Information About Game Design Two parts 4/20/2017
The best way to learn is to make games. The second best way is to talk with (and listen to) other game designers, whether informally or in a class. After that there are many sources of learning, and I've ranked those in a two-part screencast.

Eight awful truths about game marketing
I ran across "10 Awful Truths about Book Marketing" online, and seeing the parallels with games, I'm discussing those Truths (including the two that don't apply). Another time I'll discuss some strategies you can follow to do your best in this environment.

There's no "Secret Knowledge" or "secret Sauce" (nor conspiracies) in Game Design

What do I wish I'd been told when I started designing games?
Aspiring designers sometimes believe that there's a secret formula to game design, and all they have to do is follow it. Nothing could be further from the truth. The delusion seems to be common in society these days, that there's a secret knowledge to any discipline. It's the kind of thing that helps fuel conspiracy theories.
I was asked this question in an interview. It doesn't much apply to me, I started more than 50 years ago, but I describe the advice I'd give people starting out today.

Nuts & Bolts: The Drafting Mechanic
Drafting (almost always, card drafting) is a common technique in games involving more than one side. The mechanic gives players a greater feeling of control, but takes time.

Foolish saying: "You get what you pay for"
"Conventional wisdom" sometimes isn't at all wise. Especially in games, but really in all facets of life, the saying "you get what you pay for" is foolish.

Elementary Statistics (Averages!) in Game Design
Game designers (tabletop or video) should understand elementary math, statistics, probability. So many people don't understand that "average" can have different meanings, that I've described the differences here.

 Is game design about software? Heck no!
Many schools, colleges, universities, whether deliberately or accidentally, equate “game design” with “game development”. The first is about how the game is supposed to work; the second is about creating game software. Why deliberately confuse the two?

Nuts & Bolts: How a game can derive from a bit of another?
It's not unusual for a game to use a system that's been successful in another game. But sometimes one game grows out of a small bit of another.

Constraints in games from a player viewpoint (two parts)
Though contemporary gamers (especially video gamers) tend to dislike constraints, practically speaking games ARE merely sets of constraints. Properly specified constraints can make the game especially interesting. for the player(s).

Digital Game Pricing (2 parts)
Some people suppose that there's a "solution" to (over)saturation of the downloadable game market. There are lots of schemes, but I don't see any solutions in this detailed examination.

RPGs: Stifling Creativity?
It seems too many DMs are guilty of letting players push them around, resulting in a waste of time while a player tries to convince the MD that such-and-such wildly unlikely occurrence should be assigned a decent chance of happening. When you enforce the game rules (and physics) you simply the game and keep it moving along, you aren't stifling creativity.

Yes, the dead-kobold wielder actually said "You're stifling my creativity." Poppycock!

Practical vs Reality
Game design is a series of compromises, and major compromises can occur when reality and what's practical in a game clash. Some "practical decisions" result in behavior that has next to nothing to do with reality.

 Special Powers Card Games (SPCG)
Special Powers Card Games (Magic:the Gathering, Munchkin, many others) is a category that attracts many aspiring designers. But designers should avoid CCGs, and look at other kinds of SPCG.

 Charlemagne and "Yomi"
This is about two different and conrasting game playing styles. I use Charlemagne to represent "minimax" and "yomi" is a Japanese word adopted by David Sirlin to represent those who try to read the intentions and anticipate their opponents.

 The Demise of "Favorite" Games
When I taught video game design classes I asked students about their favorite games. Turned out, many of them had no favorites, or could only pick the game they were currently playing. How different from many years ago.  Here's why, which has a lot to do with changes in the nature of games and how people play them.

 Why is it so hard to persuade people to playtest prototypes?
I've just added this video to my online course "Playtesting: the Heart of Game Design" (about 6.5 hours). Discount URL:
This is by far the most comprehensive discussion of game playtesting in the world, to my knowledge.  Converted to words, it's the size of a small novel, in 64 parts, including examples of playtesting notes I've taken over the years.

 Flexibility in Games
A seldom-discussed aspect of games - especially tabletop games - is their flexibility. Can the game be played to varying lengths, by varying numbers of players? Can players join in after the game has begun?

WBC Britannia Tournament 2016

Despite an overall 22% decrease in WBC attendance at the new venue, the Brit tournament had more participants than last year. GM Jim Jordan has written an account (PDF here).

Blog Posts

Most of my blog posts these days point to screencasts I've released on my YouTube Game Design channel. But a recent one is 3,500 words about game players and preferences, and types of games. "Ruminations on Types of Games and Game Players, Arising from a Sojourn".

Skillshare Courses

Skillshare has closed most of my classes, and their so-called "support" has become a barrier - they're far more interested in the look of courses, than the content.

I'm adding about 20 short classes (20 minutes to an hour) to in the coming months. Skillshare is a subscription-based service, you pay the monthly fee (which they hide - I can't find it, it's either $10 or $20 a month, though I've seen 99 cents for first three months) and you can participate in any of their nearly 3,000 classes. Their approach is much more self-improvement and arts than the tawdry "get rich quick - nothing's as important as money" malaise that characterizes Udemy.

In the long run, I think this will predominate over the model of individually priced classes., recently purchased by LinkedIn, is the larger and older proponent of subscription format, but as far as I know has no game design classes. (Keep in mind I mean game design, not game development.)

Recent class opened (free, you don't need to have a Skillshare subscription):  "Nurturing a College or University Game Club"

Sea Kings scoresheet: I've provided a copy of the scoresheet I used in my prototype of Sea Kings.  It is much more functional than the scoring track on the published board. Explanations and PDF/JPG here.

Udemy online audiovisual courses

Udemy has started to delete coupons after 30 days. I've posted new coupons, but they will expire in early August

FREE "Prospering at Game Conventions and Conferences" Coupon ConventionsFree, URL:

Free "Conceiving a New Game: Tips for Aspiring Designers". This is actually a compilation of some screencasts from my YouTube channel, rather than a formal class. This is just another way to make them available. 

Learning Game Design, Part 1. $5 off ($39) Coupon 1LGD39, URL:

Learning Game Design, Part 2:  $40. This is the second part of the restructured "Learning Game Design as a job or a hobby"
$6 off:

"Playtesting: the Heart of Game Design." $10 off this new course ($25):

This is by far the most comprehensive discussion of game playtesting in the world, to my knowledge.  Converted to words, it's the size of a small novel, in 64 parts, including examples of playtesting notes I've taken over the years. I'm sure I'll be adding to it as time passes, as well.

$6 off How to Design Levels/Adventures for Video and Tabletop Games ($29) Coupon LevDes29, URL:

$10 off How to Write Clear Rules (and game design documents) ($25) Coupon WCR29, URL:

$13 off Brief Introduction to Game Design ($12) Coupon BFI19, URL:

$8 off Get a Job in the Video Game Industry ($12) Coupon GJ3off URL:

$10 off Joys of Game Design ($10) (for hobby designers rather than aspiring pros), Coupon Joys10, URL:
This is the largest discount I can give, even though it’s twice what my coupon was in the past.

$8 off "Introduction to (Tabletop) Role-playing Game Design" ($12) Coupon RPG16, URL:

Online class FAQ here


If you have found one of my classes worthwhile enough to go through most or all, I'd appreciate you giving the class a Udemy rating/review.  While the ratings on Udemy are not trustworthy - there are several schemes for getting "5s", including some where the instructor pays someone! - some people pay attention to them.

Other News:

I'm available as a guest for podcasts interested in someone who knows a lot about game design and the industry, and has very long experience as well.  Me. I speak reasonably well on the fly - listen to my  Boardgame University with Tom Vasel (#27) at

The NC State student newspaper asked to do an article about me in connection with the NCSU Tabletop Gamers Club.  The photographer took dozens of photos, kind of surprised by the one they selected.

Video: Jason Levine interviewed me at Prototype Con. 13+ minutes.  I had no warning and no prep time for this, I'd say I held up fairly well.

Pacific Convoy. Worthington have stated in their newsletter that they will publish my vaguely Stratego-like game Pacific Convoy. It's on a hex board, lots of space, and all pieces can move at least two hexes (straight line only). It's much less hierarchical than Stratego, as well, and two air pieces can move in the same turn. Different victory criteria, as well - you need to get a transport to the other side of the board, no flag or command vessel to hunt down.


There's an email "interview" with me in, which is an online magazine.

Tom Vasel interviewed me for episode #27 of Boardgame University. Download the MP3 at I had no idea what he was going to ask me, so my answers are entirely off-the-cuff. 

    Corey Young @C_M_Young says on twitter, "BEST episode yet!" 

So I must have done something right.  And Tom must have asked good questions.

Two "new" Britannia-like games (free in PnP format)

Conquest Europa

Wallace Nicoll has prepared a PDF edition of Roger Heyworth's game Conquest Europa. Roger was the uncredited editor of Britannia for its original publication by H. P. Gibsons in Britain in 1986. He passed away in 2000, unfortunately. Wallace was involved in the testing.

The game covers all of Europe and North Africa, from the fall of the Roman Empire to Tamerlane and beyond. With some 500 pieces, 35 nations, and 106 areas, it lasts 10-12 hours with experienced players.

When I began to think about doing a new edition of Britannia, around 2004, a 1980 all-of-Europe game I had done while developing Britannia. Though not as big as Conquest Europa, it took 12 hours to play the first time, so I set it aside and then completely forgot about it.

One of the first new games I started when I came back into the hobby was an all-Europe game, which was playtested at WBC in 2008. It turned out to be a natural five player rather than four player game. Someday it may see print, perhaps in Against-the-Odds magazine or annual. In the meantime I've devised another all-Europe game that lasts about two hours, and has been played in 1:40.

These games both end with the Mongol invasion, after starting with the fall of the West Roman Empire.


I've also seen Corsica, a PnP free download from BGG (rules only in Spanish, unfortunately).   It's a big game strongly derived from Britannia, about Corsican history. Fleets! Third Editions


I expect that the new edition of Britannia (perhaps multiple versions) will show up on Kickstarter sooner or later, as the majority of publishers now use it.

Online Classes

I have spent a great deal of time testing the full Historical Version of the new edition, which is a "more accurate" representation of history than past editions.  The Introductory version of that game is much quicker, a "freeform" version.  But the versions that will likely attract the most people are standalone, separate games, a short (as little as 1:24 in non-solo testing) version and a diceless (2-3 hour) version.  Discussion of testing is at the Eurobrit Yahoo Group.

New Google+ community: Online Game Design Learning and Teaching

This community supports audiovisual learning and teaching about game design at online locations (such as,, and MOOC providers). It is about game design, not game development (not programming, art, sound). (Most online "game design" courses are actually about game development.)

"Game Design – a combination of problem-solving and creativity used to create the framework, structure, and mechanics of games.  In video games, game design also involves a great deal of communication with the people who actually make the software.  Making and marketing the game is not part of game design, though very important to the success of a commercial game.  Game design has little to do with visual arts and nothing to do with computer programming." (Excerpt from the book "Game Design" by Lewis Pulsipher, McFarland 2012)

Game Designers Survey results

Results of my game designers' survey are in my blogs, e.g. 

 Game design book

Amazon's current price of the book is $34.20 for paper but just $14.74 for Kindle!  List is $38 for paper.

If you've read this book, I'd appreciate you posting a customer review on Amazon.


Very complimentary review by Jeffro (Jeff Johnson) from late May '14.

From ARBA vol 44 p. 16 (final sentence): "Although a single book cannot substitute for education in game creation or practice, this book provides useful tips and resources for game designers and those interested in entering the field."  This is another professional, subscription only journal so I cannot provide a URL (I got a non-convertible PDF from my publisher).

Pages 25 ff in Diplomacy World #121 (April '13) contains Jim Burgess' rather stream-of-consciousness review of the book, as related to the game DiplomacyDiplomacy World has been the flagship magazine of Diplomacy fandom for over 30 years, and recently under editor Doug Kent is a massive quarterly free download at  I was active in the hobby in the 70s, and have designed more published Diplomacy variants than anyone, I think.

From March 2013 Choice Online Reviews:  by A. Chen, Cogswell College:  "Summing up: Recommended. Lower-division undergraduates and two-year technical program students in game design programs and professionals/practitioners."  (An image of this was sent to me by McFarland.  I don't have a URL - I think Choice, a journal for academics, is subscription-only.)

New (7 Feb 13) review by Michael Fox at Little Metal Dog Show (a well-known UK game blog).  "Rather than having someone standing in front of you, telling you what to do to move on, Lewis’ writing feels more like he’s sitting by you, making helpful suggestions on how to get out of sticky design issues and encouraging you to think your way through the stages of your game."

Book review - Game Design by Joe Huber (3 Dec 12).  "So summing it all up, Game Design does an excellent job of providing a path to become an effective game designer."

Review: Lewis Pulsipher’s ‘How to Design Epic Games' by David Bolton.  (Yes, he knows the actual title.)  "If you want to design games, as opposed to just produce them, this is a great book. It hits the ground running, though you’ll need to read it quite a few times for everything to sink in. . ."

From a reader review on "There is scarcely a spare word in this book, and that's a good thing. You know the author is not wasting your time because he is not wasting his. . . . He gets to the point: "You want to make games, Johnny? The only way to do it is to do it". I know it seems obvious, but sometimes you just need to be told, and it's refreshing not to feel that the author is winking at you like they have a secret which they've promised to share and never do. I did not feel that this author held anything back, and now I have something really extraordinary on my shelf: a textbook that's not only become my go-to reference, but also an inspiration - believe it or not, it's exciting!"

Electronic formats:

The book is available in a "Nook Book" (ebook) edition from Barnes & Noble for $24.99 (used to be $13.74).

The book is available in a Kindle edition for $17.99 (used to be $14.74) (compared to $38.00 for the paperback). Kindle is Amazon's format, but with a free app you can read Kindle books on PCs.

You may know that you can get a free PC program that lets you read (and buy) Kindle books. I don't know if something of the same kind is available for eBooks.

Books-a-Million are offering NookBook copies of my book at $24.99 (used to be $28.65).   eBook is the standard for e-readers other than Amazon's Kindles.  The PDF version is no longer listed. 

I have not seen a copy of either of these formats.  Something to keep in mind for future contracts, getting a copy of the electronic versions.

Table of Contents and excerpts:

PDF Table of contents                HTML Table of Contents

The first 27 pages, and page 268, of my book are readable on Google Books.

Excerpt on GameCareerGuide: A systematic view of game design

Excerpt on GameCareerGuide: What Makes A Game 'Epic' Or Even 'Great'

The book is now being offered by some small sellers for less than the majors are selling it for (paper version).  

It's available in the UK from Amazon UK and

Unsolicited Testimonials:

"Dear Mr. Pulsipher,
      Just finished your book on tabletop and video games and it was awesome! I appreciate all the great advice and the realistic expectation level it sets for designers. The supporting website is so helpful. Thank you so much for taking the time to do this book and sharing your knowledge and experience.
 Lori Nelson"

"I found your book to be very useful Lewis because it doesn't have a one size fits all approach. There are a range of issues to consider and solutions offered for a variety of challenges in game design. I was able to check issues I'd come up against in my game design and find either that I had approached things in one of your recommended ways (due to intuition or collective consideration by our game dev group), or you gave me new ideas to try or things to check.

Over all this a great generalist game design book for tabletop games." Kim Brebach  (This is a post on a boardgame site. The book is a video game design book first, tabletop second.)

Use in class

Scott Nicholson wrote recently to let me know that "I've decided to adopt your game design book as my primary text in my 'Transformative Game Design' class I'm teaching in the spring at Syracuse University. I reviewed a wide variety of game design texts, and found yours to be the best for what I need!

Great job!"

Thanks, Scott. The book is "Game Design: How to Create Video and Tabletop Games, Start to Finish". Dr. Scott Nicholson is an Associate Professor at the School of Information Studies at Syracuse University and the director of the Because Play Matters game lab. He's well known for "Board games with Scott". Transformative games are games intended to change the player in some significant way.

Outside the USA

People outside the USA might consider using Book Depository to order, as they have free shipping to about 50 countries.  I have not used it myself but see references to it.


I am using twitter regularly now.   I am @lewpuls.

New edition of Britannia

After sales of 16,000 the FFG version of Britannia has sold out (though it's still available in some stores, FFG has no more). I've received a notification from FFG that the contract is terminated. So I have been looking for another publisher for a revised edition, and have two strong candidates.

The plan for the new editions of Britannia - don't forget that plans don't always work out - is that there are several versions. The standard version that has been available in the past will be changed more than I anticipated when I started out two months ago, primarily to make it work better as a way of teaching/understanding British history - to make it closer to reality, if you will. In the process the game has changed some, which I also think will be interesting for players. In particular I've eliminated some things that I strongly dislike. First, it won't be possible for the Romans to make a deal with the Welsh, who then submit although never touched. This time, they Will Fight. Second, it won't be possible for a "starving army" to commit virtual suicide by making a bad-odds attack. Its compatriots will have to come along. Third, we won't have the Romano-British scurrying for the hills, abandoning their homes and farms. But they'll be in better shape than in the old game.

It also won't be a Roman walkover with Romans even known to be killing Caledonians. The Roman will have more difficult choices. Unfortunately, players who tend to make a hash of the Romans now, when it IS often a cakewalk for an experienced player, may REALLY make a hash of it in the new version. There's always a problem in games, whether to design for the 99% expert player or the 33% or the 75%. When the 99% expert is going to work a bit, the 33% may just get creamed. Fortunately, the Roman-British are MUCH more prominent in the game - for a while.


There's a smaller, diceless version ("Rule Britannia") that uses a new board (21 land areas including Ireland); and a quick, really small (nine nations) "Gateway" version (no set title, tentatively "Britannia Brevis") that also uses a new board (18 land). The Gateway version appeals to people who like Risk and Axis & Allies (but remember, 60-90 minutes) and to video gamers. Rule Britannia should appeal to people who don’t like dice (battle cards, each player has an identical set).  Less than three hours.

There's also an "Ultimate" version that uses the standard board with the addition of Ireland, and will be significantly longer than the standard game (Epic, get it?). But it will be an expansion, not part of the standard package.  Ireland will be on the standard board, even though it won't be used in the standard game.

The standard game (likely called "Epic Britannia") will come with several shorter scenarios (4-9 turns), and a new three player game that I am trying very hard to balance, and a 6-7 turn game that covers the entire period using the same colors/sides, and will take half as long to play.

Game Design Book

My book "Game Design: How to Create Video and Tabletop Games, Start to Finish" is available. Publisher's web page for the book Amazon.  As you might expect, I make a lot more from a copy ordered through McFarland than through Amazon, but most people use Amazon's free shipping.

It can be ordered from McFarland or from retail book sellers.  Because McFarland's first market is libraries, you have an alternative not practically available for most books: you can request that your library order a copy.  Many public libraries will respond to suggestions/requests, though many of those want more than one person to make the request.

Why would you read a book? While the book is no longer the absolute treasure trove of information that was when I was a kid (see below), it still organizes information in an easily digestible form. But more important, a book can convey the experience of the author to the reader, and if that experience is valuable than this is something the reader won't get anywhere else. A major purpose for me in writing the book is to help beginning game designers avoid the "school of hard knocks" that I had to go through, applying my experience in teaching novice game designers as well.

When I was a kid in the 50s and 60s, if you were lucky you had three television networks to watch instead of two, there was no Internet and consequently no e-mail, no cell phones, no personal computers (or printers), no World Wide Web, no Facebook, no Twitter, no YouTube. A long distance call of any length cost real money. I first saw color TV in a person's house when I was 10 (trick-or-treat: the people let the kids come in and see their cool color TV). Music was on vinyl LPs and (later) cassette tapes. If you wanted to watch a movie you stayed up after 11 (old movies only on TV) or you went to a theater, there was no way to record a movie other than film. There was no instant replay on sporting events because videotape had not been perfected.

In that era, as for generations before, a book was a treasure trove of information, something to be read carefully and absorbed as much as possible.

Nowadays people are much less impressed by books because there's so many other sources of information, but if you really want to learn about something in depth a good book is the best way to do it other than having an experienced person teach you directly.


I was the guest on the Ludology podcast #26 about epic games (tabletop games, not the video game company).  This is the only podcast I listen to, because it's about "the why of games", not about new games and community chit-chat.  I've also converted this to a video that is on my Game Design YouTube channel.


My blog is posted, now, in as many as five places, reaching a quite different readership at each place. The blog has existed since 2004 but I "spread out" only in 2011.

The "home" is at:; on Boardgamegeek (and the other geek sites); on boardgame designers forum; on "Fortress: AT" ("Ameritrash").  Some, but not all, of the posts are also on my "expert" blog on Gamasutra, the site for video game professionals.

The sometimes-lively discussions at BGG,  fortress:at, and Gamasutra, where most of the readers are, are usually very different from one another.

Dragon Rage

Dragon Rage is now distributed in the USA exclusively by Iello.  I understand the print run as a whole is practically exhausted. 

There is some possibility that a Kickstarter will be run to help fund a large reprint that is likely to reduce the price.

A very complimentary Dragon Rage video review (in accented English this time) that could be used as a tutorial before people play their first game.  On Youtube.  Also on BGG with comments.

Michael Barnes' review on fortressat.

Boardgamegeek's video about Dragon Rage.

A review of Dragon Rage appeared in a British blog.   Also on BGG

Video review, in German, of Dragon Rage.

A review of Dragon Rage on Opinionated Gamer.   Another review on Opinionated Gamer (scroll down past Rumble in the Dungeon).

Another review, from "Fortress Ameritrash"!  I have to quote this one: "It’s an absolute grab-bag of fun fantasy memes and is certainly the most customisable wargame without miniatures that I’ve ever seen."

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The multi-contributor ETC Press book "Tabletop: Analog Game Design," edited by Greg Costikyan and Drew Davidson, is now available (electronic downloads free). Greg briefly describes it. Downloads here in electronic book and PDF formats.

My piece on "The Three Player Problem" is the first chapter in the book.

Slides and audio recordings of my game design talks at UK Game Expo and Origins are here.

The reissue of Dragon Rage is in print.  The game (published in Belgium) is available in American stores, or direct from GameSalute.  You can order from

The physical components are very impressive (compared with the original microgame), on a par with Britannia.  The hit recording sheets are full-size plasticized cardboard, as opposed to the original notepad.  The board is fully mounted, and has an orc lair on the opposite side, with new scenarios.    You can see from the photo that the pieces are individually cut and have round corners, not like the typical wargame with square-cornered little pieces.

This version includes a second map (of an orc lair area, more or less) and additional scenarios for it, devised by Eric Hanuise.

Dragon Rage pages.

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Welcome to, a web site for supplementary material and playtesting of games designed by Lewis Pulsipher (Britannia, Dragon Rage, Valley of the Four Winds, Diplomacy variants, RPG material, etc.), and for teaching about games. 

I started playing games more than 50 years ago. I started designing games more than 45 years ago. My first published (non-commercial) games appeared in the early 1970s, and my first commercial game over 30 years ago, in 1978 (Diplomacy Games & Variants), followed in 1980 by Swords and Wizardry.

After publication of several commercial games, and after I earned my Ph.D., I took 20 years off from designing games, though I played and made up adventures (which is level design) and refereed lots of Dungeons and Dragons while learning computing, programming, networking, and making a living.  In 2004 I decided to get back into game design rather than write computer textbooks, though my primary profession is college teaching.  I taught my first course in game design in fall 2004, though I did not teach games full time until fall 2007.

I do not run a public Web discussion board on this site, as serves the purpose very well.  The Eurobrit Yahoo Group is the main location for Britannia discussions.  Fantasy Flight Games also has a discussion board (generally inactive)  at their Britannia site.  Most of my new writing about games is posted on my blog, or at, or on GameCareerGuide.Com.

Dr. P's personal recommendation for those who want to get into the game industry and live in this area (central-eastern North Carolina).


Lewis Pulsipher and do not accept or consider unsolicited submissions, ideas or materials, such as games, game ideas, treatments, books, story ideas, or characters. Any unsolicited materials submitted will be disposed of without review.

Disclaimer: occasionally people send me unsolicited ideas or concepts for games.  Be aware that when you do this you acknowledge that I may use your ideas in any way I wish without legal obligation.  (I'm unlikely to do this, but I may have the same idea already, and I have no desire to be sued by someone who doesn't realize that ideas are not protected by copyright law in any case.)

 Note about video games:

Recently played video games: Gratuitous Space Battles, Angry Birds, and several "social network" games.  I played the latter (all Zynga games) because I was talking with them about the possibility of working as a game designer in Bangalore India.  But the current emphasis in these games is on frustration (to persuade people to spend real money), and that's the opposite of what I want to create.  Further, I suspect Zynga is stuck in the rut they've made, a company so large that they may not be able to risk trying games drastically different from the ones they now support.  I know what kind of social network game I would make, first and foremost to make it truly social, not solitary.


More recently I've reconciled myself to using Steam and have bought Civilization V and Skyrim to go along with Portal, but who knows when I'll have time to play them!

I have never designed a published "computer game", largely because I have not known anyone able and willing to do the necessary programming and artwork.   I have never been interested in starving in order to produce a video game.  Nowadays, of course, computer games are the products of teams, not of individuals. Back when one individual could write a game, I was a database programmer, which doesn't help much with computer games, nor do I have a hint of an artist in me.

Why would I want to design electronic games?  I'm better off as is:

1. The "AAA list" electronic games are really designed by committee.  When I design a game, it is almost all MINE.  (The rest is playtesters and publisher.)

2. Video games, until fairly recently, were almost always interactive puzzles, not games.  Games are about people, interactive puzzles are about computers.  I like games, not puzzles.

3. For most of the age of video games, you had to work full time in the industry, yet the pay was poor (per hour worked, that is).  I preferred to help young people as a teacher, get paid at least as well, and have lots of time to design games.

4. The working hours can be bad.  "Crunch time" (unpaid overtime) is common, though designers are not involved in that quite as much as programmers and artists.

5. Fighting with the electronics obscures the purity of design.   You worry about what the computer can do instead of what the players can do.  At worst, you "hide behind the computer".

People become computer game designers after working on computer games for a company in other capacities, especially level designer. Practically no one is hired directly as a computer game designer, though level designers (a subset of game design) may be hired directly from school.  The production costs for "big" off-the-shelf games ($10-100 million) make a person without a track record too much of a risk.

Click here for advice for those who want to get into the game industry.

"Always do right--this will gratify some and astonish the rest." Mark Twain
"A designer knows he has achieved perfection not when there is nothing left to add, but when there is nothing left to take away."  Antoine de Saint-Exup'ery
"A teacher is never a giver of truth - he is a guide, a pointer to the truth that each student must find for himself. A good teacher is merely a catalyst." (Martial Arts quote)
"We have met the enemy, and he is us."  Pogo (Walt Kelly)                                      "Enjoy the Journey"
Send mail to webmaster (at) pulsiphergames (dot) com with comments about this web site.